Recent additions

  • The Eurasian Ice Sheet: Status and Challenges 

    Winsborrow, Monica Caroline Mackay; Hughes, Anna; Greenwood, Sarah L. (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2024-03-15)
  • Modelling the Eurasian Ice Sheet 

    Patton, Henry Jared (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2024-03-15)
  • Contamination of 8.2 ka cold climate records by the Storegga tsunami in the Nordic Seas 

    Bondevik, Stein; Risebrobakken, Bjørg; Gibbons, Steven J.; Rasmussen, Tine Lander; Løvholt, Finn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-04)
    The 8200-year BP cooling event is reconstructed in part from sediments in the Norwegian and North Seas. Here we show that these sediments have been reworked by the Storegga tsunami – dated to the coldest decades of the 8.2 ka event. We simulate the maximum tsunami flow velocity to be 2–5 m/s on the shelf offshore western Norway and in the shallower North Sea, and up to about 1 m/s down to a water ...
  • NordVulk 1974-2024 

    Sturkell, Erik; Schomacker, Anders (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024)
    Nordisk Vulkanologisk Institut, senare känt som Nordisk Vulkanologisk Center (NordVulk) på Island fyller 50 år 2024. Tyvärr sammanfaller jubileet med att NordVulk upphör i sin nuvarande form och en lång och framgångsrik era med nordisk vulkanologisk forskning på Island tar slut. Här berättar vi lite om NordVulks historia och bifogar några korta anekdoter från livet där.
  • Glacial-interglacial sedimentation control on gas seepage exemplified by Vestnesa Ridge off NW Svalbard margin 

    Rasmussen, Tine Lander; Nielsen, Tove (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-08)
    Vestnesa Ridge is built-up of thick contourites mainly deposited during the last ∼5 million years. Methane leaks from deep gas reservoirs creating pockmarks on its crest, and which have been the focus of numerous studies. Sedimentation patterns in relation to the pronounced changes in oceanography and climate of the last glacial-interglacial cycles and its possible impact of seepage of gas have ...
  • New cold seep sites on the continental slope southwest to Svalbard 

    Bellec, Valerie Karin; Chand, Shyam; Knies, Jochen Manfred; Bjarnadóttir, Lilja Rún; Lepland, Aivo; Sen, Arunima; Thorsnes, Terje (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-09)
    We discovered seafloor features such as bacterial mats and carbonate crusts typical for active methane seeps on the continental slope southwest of Svalbard. These features are associated with two main northwest-southeast trending morphological structures that are oriented parallel to the regional continental slope. Both structures occur at c. 800 m water depth, at the boundary between the Storfjorden ...
  • Characterizing vegetation and return periods in avalanche paths using lidar and aerial imagery 

    Peitzsch, Erich H.; Martin-Mikle, Chelsea; Hendrikx, Jordy; Birkeland, Karl; Fagre, Daniel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-14)
    Snow avalanches are a hazard and ecological disturbance across mountain landscapes worldwide. Understanding how avalanche frequency affects forests and vegetation improves infrastructure planning, risk management, and avalanche forecasting. We implemented a novel approach using lidar, aerial imagery, and a random forest model to classify imagery-observed vegetation within avalanche paths in southern ...
  • Influence of a rigid backstop on the flow pattern during thrusting of the supracrustal Balsfjord Series of the North Norwegian Caledonides 

    Höpfl, Stephan Maximilian; Konopásek, Jiří; Sláma, Jiří (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-03-17)
    The Caledonian evolution of the low–medium grade Balsfjord Series (Troms, Northern Norway) is characterized by four sets of deformation structures that developed progressively during burial and exhumation from underneath the high-grade Nakkedal and Tromsø nappe complexes. The Balsfjord Series commonly displays top-to-the SSE–SE directed movement during the development of the main metamorphic fabric ...
  • Persistence of Holocene ice cap in northeast Svalbard aided by glacio-isostatic rebound 

    Farnsworth, Wesley Randall; Ingólfsson, Ólafur; Brynjólfsson, Skafti; Allaart, Lis; Kjellman, Sofia Elisabeth; Kjær, Kurt H.; Larsen, Nicolaj K.; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Siggaard-Andersen, Marie-Louise; Schomacker, Anders (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-03-29)
    The deglaciation of the Svalbard-Barents Sea Ice Sheet was driven by relative sea-level rise, the incursion of North Atlantic waters around Spitsbergen, and increasing summer insolation. However, ice retreat was inter rupted by asynchronous re-advances that occurred into high relative seas, during a period associated with warm regional waters and elevated summer temperatures. Better understanding ...
  • Tracing Subducted Carbonates in Earth's Mantle Using Zinc and Molybdenum Isotopes 

    Wang, Jian; Tang, Gong-Jian; Tappe, Sebastian; Li, Jie; Zou, Zongqi; Wang, Qiang; Su, Yu-Ping; Zheng, Jian-Ping (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-23)
    Although carbonates are the primary form of carbon subducted into the mantle, their fate during recycling is debated. Here we report the first coupled high-precision Zn and Mo isotope data for Cenozoic intraplate basalts from western China. The exceptionally high δ<sup>66</sup>Zn values (+0.39 to +0.50‰) of these lavas require involvement of recycled carbonates in the mantle source. Variable ...
  • Biogeochemical impact of historical submarine mine tailings on benthic ecosystems in the Repparfjord (Northern Norway) 

    Hoff, Marie; Argentino, Claudio; Huljek, Laura; Fiket, Zeljka; Mun, Yulia; Barrenechea Angeles, Inés; Strmic Palinkas, Sabina; Panieri, Giuliana (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-03-08)
    Historical copper mine tailings deposited in the Repparfjord, Northern Norway, provided new insight into the biogeochemical impact of submarine tailings disposals on high-latitude coastal ecosystems. The submarine tailings disposal in the Repparfjord represents a product of mining activities between 1972 and 1979. Their environmental impact has been extensively studied during the last decade, but ...
  • Redox state of the Dharwar craton root as inferred from eclogite and peridotite sourced mantle cargo, with implications for kimberlite and lamproite magma formation 

    Shaikh, Azhar M.; Bussweiler, Yannick; Viljoen, Fanus; Bolhar, Robert; Ravi, S.; Hezel, Dominik C.; Ueckermann, Henriëtte; Tappe, Sebastian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-11-16)
    Despite over 400 occurrences of kimberlites and related rocks in India, mantle-derived xenoliths are known only from a few occurrences. This paucity of mantle-derived xenoliths in Indian kimberlites has hampered investigations of the subcontinental lithospheric mantle (SCLM). Using a valuable selection of the rare xenolith inventory, we here report Fe<sup>3+</sup>/ΣFe measurements for garnets using ...
  • Assigning the unassigned: A signature-based classification of rDNA metabarcodes reveals new deep-sea diversity 

    Barrenechea Angeles, Inés; Nguyen, Ngoc-Loi; Greco, Mattia; Tan, Koh Siang; Pawlowski, Jan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-29)
    Environmental DNA metabarcoding reveals a vast genetic diversity of marine eukaryotes. Yet, most of the metabarcoding data remain unassigned due to the paucity of reference databases. This is particularly true for the deep-sea meiofauna and eukaryotic microbiota, whose hidden diversity is largely unexplored. Here, we tackle this issue by using unique DNA signatures to classify unknown metabarcodes ...
  • Depositional environments and source rock potential of some Upper Palaeozoic (Devonian) coals on Bjørnøya, Western Barents shelf 

    Janocha, Julian; Wesenlund, Fredrik; Thießen, Olaf; Grundvåg, Sten-Andreas; Koehl, Jean-Baptiste Philippe; Johannessen, Erik P. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-27)
    Upper Palaeozoic strata are potential sources for hydrocarbon plays on the Norwegian Barents Shelf. The island of Bjørnøya (Bear Island) is located on the western margin of the Barents Shelf and represents an exposed part of the Stappen High, which makes it an excellent location to investigate the source rock potential of this succession. Here, we investigate the organic geochemical composition and ...
  • Protracted post-glacial hydrocarbon seepage in the Barents Sea revealed by U–Th dating of seep carbonates 

    Himmler, Tobias; Wagner, Doris; Sahy, Diana; Vadakkepuliyambatta, Sunil; Chand, Shyam; Martma, Tõnu; Kirsimäe, Kalle; Mattingsdal, Rune; Panieri, Giuliana; Bünz, Stefan; Condon, Daniel J.; Knies, Jochen Manfred; Lepland, Aivo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-03-01)
    The hydrocarbon seepage chronology during deglaciation across the formerly glaciated Barents Sea was established using uranium-thorium (U–Th) dating of seep carbonates. Seep carbonates were sampled with remotely operated vehicles (ROV) from the seafloor at three active hydrocarbon seeps (water depth 156–383 m), located in the north-west (Storfjordrenna), north-central (Storbanken High), and south-west ...
  • Biogeochemical investigations of methane seepage at the ultraslow-spreading Arctic mid-ocean ridge: Svyatogor ridge, Fram Strait 

    Argentino, Claudio; Borrelli, Chiara; Akinselure, Abidemi; Correa-Diaz, Melyssa; Panieri, Giuliana (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-13)
    The Arctic continental shelves are important reservoirs of methane stored in gas hydrates and deeper geological formations. However, little is known about methane dynamics in deeper oceanic settings such as mid-ocean ridges, mainly due to operational challenges related to their remoteness. This study investigates a recently discovered methane seepage environment at Svyatogor Ridge, a sediment-covered ...
  • Shallow and deep groundwater moderate methane dynamics in a high Arctic glacial catchment 

    Kleber, Gabrielle Emma; Magerl, Leonard; Turchyn, Alexandra V.; Redeker, Kelly; Thiele, Stefan; Liira, Martin; Herodes, Koit; Øvreas, Lise; Hodson, Andrew (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-07)
    Glacial groundwater can mobilize deep-seated methane from beneath glaciers and permafrost in the Arctic, leading to atmospheric emissions of this greenhouse gas. We present a temporal, hydro-chemical dataset of methane-rich groundwater collected during two melt seasons from a high Arctic glacial forefield to explore the seasonal dynamics of methane emissions. We use methane and ion concentrations ...
  • Assessment of the ecological quality status of the Sepetiba Bay (SE Brazil): When metabarcoding meets morphology on foraminifera 

    Damasceno, Fabrício Leandro; Martins, Maria Virgínia; Frontalini, Fabrizio; Pawlowski, Jan; Cermakova, Kristina; Barrenechea Angeles, Inés; Santos, Luiz Guilherme Costa; Mendonça Filho, João Graciano; Francescangeli, Fabio; Senez-Mello, Thaise M.; Castelo, Wellen Fernanda Louzada; Rebouças, Renata Cardia; Duleba, Wania; Sousa, Silvia Helena de Mello; Laut, Lazaro; Antonioli, Luzia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-01-09)
    In recent years, the region surrounding Sepetiba Bay (SB; SE Brazil) has become a hub of intense urban expansion and economic exploitation in response to ore transport and industrial and port activities. As a result, contaminants have been introduced into the bay, leading to an overall worsening of the environmental quality. The present work applies for the first time a foraminiferal morphology-based ...
  • Sea ice-ocean coupling during Heinrich Stadials in the Atlantic–Arctic gateway 

    el Bani Altuna, Naima; Mohamed, Mohamed Mahmoud Ezat Ahmed; Smik, Lukas; Muschitiello, Francesco; Belt, Simon T.; Knies, Jochen Manfred; Rasmussen, Tine Lander (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-01-11)
    The variability of Arctic sea-ice during abrupt stadial-interstadial shifts in the last glacial period remain poorly understood. Here, we investigated the millennial-scale relationship, with a focus on Heinrich Stadials (HS), between sea-ice cover and bottom water temperature (BWT) during Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 3 and 2 (64–13 ka) in the Fram Strait using new molecular sea ice biomarker data and ...
  • The current status of environmental forensic science in the member institutes of the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI) 

    Mäkelä, Tuukka; Huhtala, Sami; Lindqvist, Mimmi A.; Bucht, Rebecca (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-02-04)
    The paper presents the results of a questionnaire survey carried out by The Forensic laboratory of the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI-FL), aiming to get an overview of the current status of environmental forensic science (EFS) and environmental crimes investigation in the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI). A questionnaire was sent out to 71 ENFSI member institutes and ...

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